The face mask – gentle skin care
In the next step, various active ingredients are added to the skin. The choice depends on the goal of the treatment. On the one hand, the aim can be to moisturise the skin, but the top layer of skin can also be loosened to make it easier to peel off. Likewise, a refreshing or healing effect may be the main objective, for example in the case of skin irritations or sunburn. Accordingly, an active ingredient or even a combination of active ingredients is chosen.
Active ingredients for face masks
- Plant extracts from echinacea (antimicrobial, healing support), aloe vera (anti-inflammatory, moisturising), green tea (anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, invigorating), witch hazel (astringent, anti-inflammatory), algae (moisturising, astringent, antimicrobial).
- Vitamins: Vitamin A promotes skin regeneration, vitamin C provides protection against free radicals and promotes skin regeneration, vitamin E also provides protection against free radicals and promotes skin regeneration.
- D-Panthenol regulates moisture, promotes regeneration and is considered to smooth the skin.
- Coenzyme Q-10 acts as protection against free radicals and thus counteracts skin ageing.
Liposomes prevent impure skin.
Types of face masks
The “carrier” of these active ingredients can be quite different. Among other things, the type of face mask depends on them. They differ in the time they are applied and the way they work. A rough distinction can be made between the following types:
- Cream masks. Here, creams containing active ingredients are applied liberally and can be easily removed after they have taken effect.
- Healing masks. Here, healing earths are mixed with water, possibly combined with other active ingredients and then applied to the skin. After the application time, they are removed with plenty of water.
- Fleece masks. With these masks, a fleece is either placed directly on the skin or on the creamed skin and moistened from the outside so that the active ingredients can be released. At the end of the treatment, the fleece can be easily removed.
- Thermomasks. Similar to healing clay, mineral powders are mixed with water and applied. They harden on the skin, generating heat which intensifies the effect of the face mask.
- Traditional face masks such as curd masks, cucumber masks, fruit masks, etc. These well-known masks use the natural ingredients directly. In contrast to the other face masks, however, it is hardly possible to combine them with additional active ingredients. On the other hand, they are relatively inexpensive and offer many possibilities.
Creams then close the skin after the mask application – this is necessary to avoid moisture loss and to prolong the effect of the added active ingredients.