Glossary

  • Acids

    Acids are chemical compounds that have the ability to transfer protons (H+) to a reactant.

  • Acne

    Disease of the sebaceous follicles with secretion disorder. Acne can lead to the formation of nodules and pustules. Inflammations often develop. There is usually a genetic predisposition. Common in adolescents and young adults.

  • Acne skin

    Acne is an overproduction of the sebaceous glands, usually hormonal. After the formation of blackheads (comedones) in the clogged sebaceous glands, inflammatory papules, pustules and nodules form in a second stage, collectively known as acne. There are many treatment options for acne, from treatments with special creams and peels to injection treatments and very effective light therapies.

  • Age spot

    Lentigines or age spots are pigment accumulations under the skin that only appear with age. These pigment disorders can be gently removed with an IPL2. However, pigmentary disorders of malignant origin should be ruled out before treatment.

  • Alexandrite laser

    Is a laser with a specific wavelength. This laser light is generated by means of an alexandrite crystal. Hence the name alexandrite laser. The alexandrite laser can be used for hair removal and tattoo removal.

  • Amino acid peeling

    A brand new epidermal peeling is that with amino acid. Amino acids are extracted from the seeds and buds of the sugar cane plant and are actually a precursor to glycolic acid.

  • Amino acids

    Amino acids are part of our metabolism and perform important functions in many places in our body. Among other things, amino acids are also involved in cell production and support the formation of new fresh cells in our skin.

  • Androgenic hair

    Androgenic hair refers to male hair. A man’s hair is thicker than a woman’s hair. Due to hormones, a man’s hair is stronger, thicker and darker than a woman’s.

  • Anti-ageing
  • Bikini line

    In summer at the beach, you want to enjoy the comfort of hairless beauty on legs and intimate area. The critical point of independent depilation is often the bikini line because the skin in the intimate area is particularly sensitive. IPL is a great alternative to the classic mechanical hair removal procedures.

  • Birthmark

    Birthmark s, like moles, are skin areas with excessive pigmentation (hyperpigmentation). They are usually harmless and, like moles, can be treated with various methods and also removed.

  • Bleaching

    For a long time, hair bleaching has been considered an alternative to mechanical hair removal. The lighter a hair, the more inconspicuous the unwanted body hair becomes after bleaching. Nevertheless, even light, inconspicuous hair is naturally still there after bleaching. Permanent hair removal is a better alternative.

  • Blend epilation

    The term blend epilation hides a combined epilation by means of thermolysis and electrolysis. In the blend method, a high-frequency alternating current (thermolysis) and a direct current (electrolysis) are combined so that the sodium hydroxide produced by the electrolysis is heated more quickly and thus works even more efficiently.

  • Botox

    Preparation with the active substance botulinum toxin. Botulinum toxin is a protein that blocks the nerve impulses when it is injected into the muscle. Botox can be used in many different ways. For wrinkle treatment, the effect is used to specifically immobilise muscles.

  • Botox-TÜV

    A recently founded “Botox-TÜV” advocates quality standards for wrinkle injections. Since 2006, more than 200 doctors have joined the German Society for Aesthetic Botulinum Toxin Therapy (DBGT). For the “Botox-TÜV”, members would have to complete training courses certified by the medical associations, which also included mutual self-experiments.

  • Brazilian waxing

    Method of hair removal originating in Brazil in which the hair is rubbed with wax or sugar paste and then mechanically removed.

  • Catagen phase

    In the catagen phase, the cell production of the hair comes to a standstill and the hair stops growing. Only about one percent of our hair is in this phase at any one time. The catagen phase lasts only about two to three weeks prepares for the third and final phase in the hair cycle – the telogen phase.

  • Cellulite

    Cellulite or orange peel skin is a widespread phenomenon that occurs with age, especially in women, leading to a decrease in the elasticity of the connective tissue. Cellulite occurs mainly on the thighs and buttocks. The appearance of orange peel skin can be reduced or completely eliminated by various medical-cosmetic treatment methods.

  • Chemical hair removal

    Hair removal by chemical means is a widely used and convenient method. The best known form of this procedure are the so-called depilatory creams. Unfortunately, this variant of hair removal is not permanent.

  • Chemical Peeling

    Chemical peeling or chemical peeling is the peeling away of different layers of skin by fruit acids. Chemical peeling can be used to refresh the skin’s appearance by evening out fine wrinkles and pigment irregularities.

  • Chloasma

    Brown discolouration of the skin

  • CO2 laser

    Is a laser device with a specific wavelength. This laser light is generated by means of a gas tube filled with the gas carbon dioxide. This is where the name CO2 laser comes from. The CO₂ laser is used for skin rejuvenation or laser resurfacing, among other things.

  • Cob hair

    When the hair is in the telogen phase, it is called cob hair. In the telogen phase, the hair papilla and follicle are regenerated and the hair is prepared for the new growth phase.

  • collagen

    Is one of the most important components of our body. Collagen is a protein that is found in connective tissue, bones and teeth, among other things, and has a holding function. A natural loss with age causes a slackening of the tissue. Used for wrinkle injections and is biodegradable.

  • Collagen fibres

    Are stable fibres in the tissue of the skin consisting of collagen fibrils. They can form larger bundles (fasciculi collagenosi). Fibres are very strong in tension and in boiling water they are soluble and form glue, from which their Latin name is derived (kolla = glue).

  • Combination skin

    When skin with a normal moisture pattern is also characterised by increased production of the sebaceous glands, it is called combination skin. The care of combination skin is not easy, as the characteristics of both normally moist skin and oily skin must be taken into account in the care.

  • Conture Make-Up

    Conture make-up is a long-term make-up method to draw eyebrows, eyelid lines and lip contours permanently into the skin. Conture make-up uses a special device to introduce the finest and certified micro pigments into the top layer of the skin.

  • Couperose

    Couperose is the term we use to describe an area of redness in the facial area caused by a network of tiny veins under the skin. One of the most effective methods of treating couperosis is sclerotherapy using IPL technology.

  • cream

    Creams are semi-solid and spreadable emulsions consisting of an aqueous (hydrophilic) and an oily or fatty (lipophilic) component applied to the skin. With special additives, cream s are used to treat skin problems and regulate the appearance of the skin.

  • Cuticle

    The outermost layer of the hair is called the cuticle or scale layer. It consists of flat, dead and horny cells that lie on top of each other like a pine cone. The cuticle layer consists of up to ten such cell layers. The flatter the individual cell layers lie on top of each other, the healthier and shinier the hair.

  • Dehydrated skin

    The opposite of too oily skin is too dry skin. The cause is usually a disturbed moisture balance of the skin and an undersupply of hyaluronic acid. There are many ways to make overly dry skin more supple again, ranging from treatment with creams to injection treatments with hyaluronic acid.

  • Depilation

    In contrast to epilation, where the hair is removed along with its root, depilation describes hair removal located only outside the body. Dry and wet shaves are therefore typically depilative procedures.

  • Depilation

    Depilation is basically distinguished between temporary (wax depilation, shaving) and permanent (laser or Ipl) depilation.

  • Dermabrasion

    Mechanical abrasion of the top layer of skin.

  • Dermal peels

    Chemical peels are dermal peels and are mainly performed with phenol or with trichloroacetic acid (TCA).

  • Dermatology

    Dermatology is generally understood to mean the study of the skin. As a branch of medicine, dermatology deals with the study and treatment of all kinds of skin diseases.

  • Dermis

    The dermis is the middle layer of skin and is also called the dermis. It contains the sebaceous glands and hair follicles, the sweat glands and muscle tissue. Above the dermis is the epidermis. Below it is the subcutis, the lower skin, where the nerves, blood vessels and fat cells are stored.

  • Diode laser

    In this laser, diodes (semiconductors) serve as light source.

  • Downy hair

    Forms as full body hair in the embryo and serves as protection for the newborn during pregnancy. It is shed again before birth. After birth, the lanugo hairs are replaced first by vellus hairs and later by intermediate hairs and finally by terminal hairs.

  • Dry skin

    Dry skin , like moisture-deficient skin, is characterised by a lack of hyaluronic acid in the connective tissue, which is additionally conspicuous by a decreasing elasticity of the connective tissue in addition to the dryness on the skin surface. There are numerous therapies for dry skin ranging from regular treatment with special moisturisers to hyaluronic acid therapy.

  • Ear hairs

    They are not a matter of age, although of course with age the ear hair growth becomes stronger and the hairs longer. In the outer part of the auditory canal, there are special protective hairs in every person, the so-called tragi. Ear hairs are a special form of bristle hair that has a split tip. Like other hair, ear hair can of course be easily and permanently removed by treating it with IPL.

  • Eflornithine

    Eflornithine inhibits the synthesis of substances important for the regulation and differentiation of hair follicles. However, the inhibition of hair growth achieved requires lifelong, regular (daily) use of the cream containing the active substance.

  • Elastin

    Is a fibrous protein consisting of polypeptide subunits. It belongs to the structural proteins because its function is responsible for shaping and support. Collagen and elastin form a fibrous framework in the connective tissue of animals, as in tendons and ligaments.

  • Electro-epilation

    A fine probe is used to trigger a finely dosed current at the hair follicle, resulting in sclerosis.

  • Electrologist

    The electrologist is a skilled occupation devoted to the various procedures of electrology. These include, in the medical-cosmetic field, mainly electro-epilation and needle epilation.

  • Electrolysis

    Electrolysis describes the detachment or removal of hair with the aid of an electrical process. In electrolysis, the direct current used produces a sodium hydroxide solution in the hair follicle, which chemically destroys the hair root.

  • Epidermis

    The epidermis is the top layer of skin. It is the actual protective cover of our body. We have a total of five epidermal layers, the uppermost of which is the so-called horny layer. Underneath the epidermis is the dermis, the leather skin, and this is where the sweat and sebaceous glands, hair roots, nerves and muscle tissue are located.

  • Erbium Yag Laser

    Is a laser with a specific wavelength. This laser light is generated by means of an erbium Yag crystal. This is where the name Erbium-Yag laser comes from. The erbium yag laser can be used for pigment removal as well as laser resurfacing.

  • Fat removal with ultrasound

    In addition to liposuction and fat removal by means of liposuction, there is a new method of fat removal: fat removal by means of ultrasound!

  • Fat way injection

    In fat removal by ultrasound, the cell walls of the fat cells are burst by a focused ultrasound. The contents of the fat cells are then transported away via a type of lymphatic drainage and broken down by the body. Depending on the size and location of the fat deposits, between 4 and 8 treatments are required. The treatment for fat removal by ultrasound can take 45-60 minutes.

  • Fatty acids

    A distinction is made between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. While the unsaturated fatty acids, which are found in fish, oils and nuts, among other things, can be easily utilised and digested by the body, the saturated fatty acids are immediately deposited in the fatty tissue and cause the body weight to increase quickly and permanently.

  • Fibrous layer of the hair

    The fibrous layer of the hair is also called the cortex (bark) or fibre stem. It is located under the cuticle layer. The cortex makes up about 80 % of the hair. The fibre layer consists of fibre bundles, which in turn consist of the finest keratin fibres, the so-called fibrils. The individual keratin fibres themselves consist of cortex cells that are held together with a cell membrane. The stronger and more elastic this connection is, the more tear-resistant the hair is.

  • Flash lamp

    The light technology IPL, IPL2 is a non-invasive and non-ablative procedure. Optical filters are used to reduce the light from a xenon flash lamp to specific wavelengths.

  • Follicle

    A follicle is an invagination in the epidermis.

  • Freckles

    Freckles (also called ephelides) are yellowish to brownish pigment deposits that occur mainly in people with a fair skin type (blond or redheaded type). Freckles are harmless and can be made less noticeable with various procedures.

  • Free radicals

    Free radicals are, among other things, unstable oxygen molecules that have an unpaired electron on the outer electron orbit. Stress, UV rays, irritants such as nicotine and air pollution promote the formation of free radicals. Free radicals procure the missing electron by snatching an electron from other molecules; the attacked molecules now also become unstable – a chain reaction that ends in ageing and cancer.

  • Fruit Acid Peel

    Fruit Acid Peel is a special skin renewal technique performed in cosmetic institutes or dermatologist’s offices. Mittles Fruchtsäurepeeling can be used to remove the upper dead horny cell layer so that young, intact tissue appears underneath.

  • Fruit acids

    They come from fruits e.g. from lemons, grapes or apples but can also be produced synthetically. The medical term is AHA (“Alpha Hydroxy Acids”). AHAs cause the horny layer of the skin to store more water, making the skin appear plumper and smoother.

  • Galvanic current

    Galvanic current is often used in electrotherapy, where the skin is stimulated by the weak stimulating current of a galvanic bath. Here the tension of the muscles and the metabolism of the tissues are stimulated.

  • Gel

    A gel is understood to be the combination of a liquid component with a subtle solid component. Gel is not only used in body care, but especially in many places in the medical-cosmetic field to prepare the skin for a treatment or to support the healing process after a treatment.

  • Glabella wrinkle

    The glabella wrinkle, also called the frown line, is the crease between the eyebrows.

  • Haemangioma

    A haemangioma is a mostly benign tumour that takes its origin from the inner cells (endothelium) of the blood vessels. Haemangioma s of the skin, on the other hand, are clearly visible as a bluish to reddish discolouration. These skin manifestations are usually harmless in nature.

  • haematoma

    haematoma

  • Hair

    Our hair consists mainly of keratin and is found only in mammals throughout the animal kingdom. Hair is made up of different parts and grows back again and again in a regular cycle. With a few exceptions, both men and women have hair all over their bodies.

  • Hair bulb

    The hair bulb is the section of the hair organ sunk deep into the skin tissue. It is the cradle of the hair shaft and consists of the hair papilla and the budding spindle cells.

  • Hair cycle

    Hair growth goes through a regular cycle that is divided into three phases. In the anagen phase, the hair grows; it lasts about two to three years and affects about 80-90% of all hair on our body. In the catagen phase, cell production comes to a halt and the hair detaches from the papilla; this phase lasts about three weeks and affects only about 1% of our hair. Finally, the telogen phase lasts between two and four months; during this phase, the hair papilla and follicle renew themselves in about 10-20% of hairs.

  • Hair diameter
  • Hair follicle

    The hair shaft lies in an elongated invagination of the epidermis, the hair follicle or hair follicle, at the lower end of which the hair is formed in the hair root. A sebaceous gland, and sometimes a scent gland, opens into the follicle.

  • Hair matrix

    The hair matrix is the cell layer above the papillae dome from which cell division or hair growth originates.

  • Hair papilla

    The hair papilla is a conical structure of cells of the dermis at the base of the hair follicle with blood vessels. The hair papilla nourishes the hair bulb.

  • Hair removal

    Hair removal (epilation) refers to procedures for the removal of body hair, whereby the hair is removed together with the hair root. In contrast to hair removal by epilation, depilation refers to the removal of only the visible part of the hair, usually by shaving or chemical means. Two methods exist for permanent epilation: laser hair removal and IPL hair removal.

  • Hair root

    The hair root is the inner part of the hair, which lies in the skin.

  • Hair shaft

    The hair shaft is the mature, keratinised fibre composed of spindle cells and roof-tile-like cuticle cells.

  • Hair types

    Depending on diameter and pigmentation, lanugo (downy), vellus (woolly) and terminal hairs are distinguished. Lanugo hairs are fine, unpigmented (light) hairs. Vellus hairs are fine, non-marrowed but pigmented hairs. Terminal hairs are thick, medullary and more pigmented hairs.

  • Hirsutism

    A pathologically increased hairiness in women and children according to a male hairiness type at the specific sex-linked hairiness areas without further virilisation signs.

  • Hyaluronic acid

    Material used for wrinkle injections. Trade names: Restylane, Juvederm, Hylaform. Hylaform contains hen’s egg protein and can cause allergic reactions.

    Looking up hyaluronic acid in a dictionary, it is called glycosaminoglycan or also long-chain linear polysaccharide. Apart from the technical terminology, it can be stated that the substance occurs in the body of vertebrates and humans and is primarily characterised by its ability to store water. One gram of hyaluronic acid can bind up to six litres of water to itself, which is why it is the connective tissue where this particular substance is found.

  • Hyperpigmentation

    In medicine, generally describes an excessive storage of melanin in the skin.

  • Hypertrichosis

    A localised or generalised nonspecific proliferation of hair in both sexes.

  • Increased body hair

    Increased body hair , also called hypertrichosis, is a mostly genetic or also caused by hormonal or medicinal factors, hyperfunction of hair growth. It is not uncommon for the excessive hair growth to be limited to local regions of the body hair. Even mild hypertrichosis can be treated with IPL.

  • Ingrown hairs

    Ingrown hairs usually occur due to clogged pores. Ingrown hairs usually lead to pus-filled pimples. However, ingrown hairs can also lead to a boil, which then has to be opened and treated by a doctor. In such places, one should follow certain tips on caring for ingrown hairs.

  • Injection lipolysis

    Injection lipolysis also known as fat way injection, is a treatment method with which excess fat deposits can be melted away by injections and returned to the metabolism. In Brazil, this method has been used for a good 10 years to treat fat-related bags under the eyes on the lower eyelid with great success. In Europe, too, doctors who have been instructed in the method of injection lipolysis by experts have had very successful treatment results on thousands of patients. The therapy represents a minimally invasive method for aesthetic contouring of facial and body shapes.

  • Intermediate hairs

    These hairs occupy an intermediate position in terms of size and thickness between the delicate, prepubescent vellus hairs and strong terminal hairs. At puberty, up to 90% of all intermediate hairs in males are replaced by the darker and stronger terminal hairs; in females, however, this is only about 30% of the hairs.

  • IPL Technology

    IPL is the abbreviation for Intense Pulsed Light and, like laser systems, refers to a treatment procedure using light technology.

  • Keratin

    Horn substance, sulphur-rich protein found in skin and skin appendages, such as hair and nails.

  • Lady's beard

    As women age, oestrogen production decreases while testosterone production increases. This natural hormonal change leads to more hair growth, which often manifests itself in a so-called lady’s beard. There is something you can do about a lady’s beard. IPL technology offers a good treatment method.

  • large-pored skin

    Large-pored skin is characterised by an enlarged and thus increased visible distance between the skin pores. With increasing age, the moisture content in the skin cells decreases, the connective tissue loses elasticity and the distance between the pores increases as a result. The skin looks older and loses its glow.

  • Laser

    Mostly used in surgery and cosmetic treatments, it allows the removal of skin lesions, smoothing wrinkles, and breaking up kidney or gallbladder stones by converting radiant energy into thermal energy. The wavelength of the laser beam influences the effect and the area of application. The word laser is a term of art made up of the first letters of the words Light Amplification by stimulated Emission of Radiation.

  • Laser depilation

    Laser epilation is one of several laser procedures for permanent hair removal. Here, the hair is shot with a laser, the light energy is converted into heat and conducted through the hair follicle to the root. The heat destroys the hair root and the hair falls out. More risky for the patient than alternative procedures such as IPL treatment due to the high energy used.

  • Laser Hair Removal

    English meaning permanent hair removal with laser. However, in addition to Laser Hair Removal , there is effective IPL Hair Removal.

  • Lipolysis

    Lipolysis means dissolving fat. Fat is to be dissolved biochemically. In contrast, in classical liposuction the fat is loosened from its anchorage and removed mechanically or physically (by hand, with ultrasound, laser or similar). For biochemical lipolysis, a drug called Lipostabil is generally used. Lipostabil is extracted from soybeans and contains so-called phospholipids (more precisely: 93% 3-sn-phosphatidyl-choline). Lipostabil is approved as a drug in Germany in tablet form for lowering blood lipids and, when administered intravenously, for the prevention and treatment of fat embolisms.

  • Lipostabil

    It has been available worldwide for years for the treatment of various diseases. The preparation is not officially approved in Germany for aesthetic treatment; similar to Botox in the past, the application against fat pads is carried out in the so-called “off-label use” (this means: a completely legal application with the consent of the patient who has been informed in detail). The manufacturer has not applied for approval for the aesthetic use as a fat-blasting injection and is not promoting any scientific studies with this question. As an aside: in the USA, an application has already been submitted to the FDA by doctors to have lipolysis approved as an official procedure.

  • liposuction

    Synonym: liposuction ; surgical procedure to remove fat tissue by suction using a special cannula.

  • Liver spot

    Liver spot s (or lentigo) are harmless areas of skin with hyperpigmentation. Moles can easily be made less noticeable or removed altogether with a variety of procedures.

  • Melanin

    Dark pigment that determines skin, hair and eye colour. Melanin is produced in the lowest layer of the epidermis and has the ability to render ultraviolet rays harmless by absorption.

  • melanocytes

    Are the pigment cells of the skin and are located there in the basal cell layer of the epidermis and the hair follicles. They synthesise melanin and release it in the form of so-called melanosomes to the surrounding keratinocytes. Melanin is an important protection of the skin against UV radiation. Melanin-producing cells form a so-called melanocyte unit with the surrounding keratinocytes.

  • Melanosomes

    Melanosomes are cellular elements of melanocytes in which melanin is produced and secreted to the neighbouring keratinocytes.

  • Microdermabrasion

    Relatively gentle method for treating fine lines. Tiny sterile crystals of aluminium oxide are shot onto the skin with compressed air and immediately sucked out again. Microdermabrasion is used to remove the cellular layers of the skin.

  • Mimic wrinkles

    Mimic wrinkles are wrinkles in our face that only appear when our face is moving. These wrinkles are, for example, laugh lines, frown lines or the so-called crow’s feet. Wrinkle injections can be used to treat these wrinkles.

  • Nasolabial fold

    Is a wrinkle that runs from your nostrils to or beyond the corners of your mouth.

  • Needle epilation

    Needle epilation is an older form of treatment for permanent hair removal. It involves carefully inserting a fine needle into the hair follicle, then using a gentle current to generate heat that scleroses the hair root in the follicle, causing the hair to fall out. Compared to modern technologies like IPL, needle epilation is a laborious and uncomfortable procedure from days gone by.

  • Nevus

    The word nevus comes from the Latin for mole or birthmark. It is the umbrella term for many congenital or acquired pigment spots of the skin such as moles.

  • Oily skin

    Oily skin is characterised by increased production of the sebaceous glands, an excessive amount of fat and an imbalance in the general appearance of the skin. Oily skin mainly occurs in the area of the forehead and nose, where it also causes the most problems. Regular care especially protects oily skin from blackheads and pimples.

  • Ointment

    Unlike a cream or gel, an ointment is a semi-solid emulsion for application to the skin or mucous membranes. The function of an ointment is to apply an active substance, e.g. to accelerate wound healing (wound ointment) or to protect and care for the skin and mucous membranes. Ointment s consist of either a hydrophobic or hydrophilic base of natural or synthetic substances.

  • Orthostatic wrinkles

    Wrinkles that are always visible and cannot be affected by facial expressions. The nasolabial fold runs from the wings of the nose towards the corner of the mouth and is, for example, an orthostatic fold. These wrinkles can be treated with wrinkle injections.

  • Peeling

    Peeling involves removing the top layer of skin using various substances. This can be done, for example, with fruit acids or herbal peeling masks or other chemical substances. The aim is to achieve visibly younger-looking skin.

  • Permanent Derma Fillers

    Filler materials for permanent wrinkle removal

  • Permanent hair removal

    There are many methods of hair removal, but only a few are truly permanent. Among the permanent ones are epilation and especially hair removal with IPL.

  • Phenol Peel

    Phenol is the best active ingredient for the treatment of pigmentation spots. However, due to the cardiac arrhythmia problem of phenol (that is, the arrhythmia of the heart caused by this substance), it should only be used on small areas.

  • Phosphatidyl choline

    3-sn-phosphatidyl choline is the active ingredient of Lipostabil. It is a lecithin with two unsaturated fatty acid chains. This relatively old German drug is made from soy. The typical composition of soy phosphatidylcholine looks something like this: 13% palmitic acid 4% stearic acid 10% oleic acid 66% linoleic acid 6% linolenic acid. Phosphatidylcholine is widely distributed in nature. It is found in plant and animal cell membranes. Commercially, it is used in medicines and cosmetics. Phosphatidylcholine can namely have a healing effect on fat embolisms, lipometabolic disorders and liver diseases and has positive effects on the skin besides.

  • Photoepilation

    The term photoepilation covers all technical hair removal procedures based on light energy. These mainly include laser treatment and the more modern IPL technology.

  • Photorejuvenation

    Procedure using IPL (intense pulsed light) for skin rejuvenation.

  • Pigment spots

    Pigment or age spots (lentigo solaris or senilis) are brownish, lenticular spots on the back of the hands, forearms and face.

  • Pigmentary disorder

    Is a lack of new formation or a breakdown of pigment, i.e. pigment-containing cells in the skin.

  • Pimples under the skin

    While normal pimples usually arise due to clogged sebaceous glands, which can become inflamed and painful after a while, pimples under the skin surface are rather rare. They are usually caused by encapsulation of the inflamed area and require treatment by a skin specialist.

  • Plastic surgery

    Plastic surgery is any form of surgery performed on the organs and formations of the body surface for functional or aesthetic/cosmetic reasons. A distinction is made between the main directions: Aesthetic surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Burn surgery, Hand surgery.

  • Plucking or plucking

    Plucking and plucking are mechanical methods of hair removal that have been practiced for thousands of years. Today, there are good and permanent alternatives to these mechanical methods, which need to be repeated regularly.

  • Port-wine stain

    Port-wine stain s are congenital, blood-red sharply defined areas of the skin whose conspicuous colouring is caused by a multitude of thin veins in the skin. Therapy: light technology (argon or dye laser – gentler IPL).

  • Rejuvenation

    Rejuvenation .

  • Riding breeches

    Fat deposits on the outer side of the thighs, often associated with orange peel skin (cellulitis).

  • Root sheath

    The root sheath refers to the cell line forming the hair canal.

  • Rosacea

    Rosacea is an inflammation of the facial skin that is chronic, episodic and relatively common. It mainly affects people in middle adulthood, women more often than men. Depending on the severity, copper fin first appears as persistent redness with the formation of veins (couperosis). Later, nodules and pustules may appear. Especially in men, a bulbous nose (rhinophyma) forms in the course of the disease. Usually rosacea begins in the fourth or fifth decade of life, but more rarely it occurs before the age of 30.

  • Ruby laser

    High-energy red light, is produced via a ruby crystal.

  • Scars

    Are whitish shiny areas poor in fibres and cells and tissue that develop after wound healing and remain permanent.

  • Sebaceous glands

    Sebaceous glands develop in close association with hair. They produce the vital, protective oily fat layer of the skin distributed over the entire body. From 300,000 sebaceous glands we produce about 2-3 g of sebum every day, half of it on the head. Only the palms of our hands and soles of our feet lack them. In addition, the skin is lubricated daily by about 20 mg of horny fat from dead skin cells. Sebaceous glands can grow strongly under the influence of male hormones (also in women). One of the factors in the development of acne is the uninhibited production of fat by the sebaceous glands.

  • Selective photothermolysis

    An isolated heating of hair darkened by melanin content.

  • Skin blemishes

    The collective term skin blemishes covers all disease patterns of the skin that primarily affect the visual appearance. The many causes of skin blemishes such as blackheads, pimples and acne lie not only in inadequate hygiene but also in temporary metabolic disorders or in disturbances of the skin balance caused by diet or medication.

  • Skin irritation

    Skin irritation is the most common cause of skin problems. The reason for skin irritations are mostly allergic reactions, which can be caused by various factors: from environmental influences to intolerance of food or medication to strong UV radiation, ingredients of cosmetics to psychological causes such as stress, grief or fear.

  • Skin mark

    Skin mark corresponds to the Latin word Nävus.

  • Skin rejuvenation

    Skin smoothing by injection or IPL light treatment.

  • Skin Rejuvenation

    Skin Rejuvenation , also called skin rejuvenation, skin smoothing, skin refreshing, skin smoothing or skin image improvement. In skin rejuvenation, the collagen fibres in the depth of the skin are stimulated to form again by converting special light into heat. With increasing age, the collagen production of the skin decreases. Wrinkles, tired looking eyes due to dark circles and grey shimmer of the skin are the visible consequences. Skin Rejuvenation improves the blood supply to the skin and provides it with oxygen.

  • Skin resurfacing

    Skin rejuvenation.

  • Solid-state laser

    A solid-state laser is an optically excited laser whose amplifying medium consists of a crystalline or glass-like solid in which laser-active ions are enclosed. Solid-state laser s commonly used for medical applications include erbium and ytterbium lasers. Such lasers are also used for targeted skin and hair treatments.

  • Spider veins

    Are tiny veins under the skin that have dilated and filled with blood. Spider veins often appear on the face or in connection with varicose veins on the legs. This cosmetically disturbing situation can easily be improved by treatment with light systems (laser, more gentle and effective IPL) or sclerotherapy.

  • Sugaring

    Is a traditional method of hair removal in which a sugar paste is applied to the skin in a warm and semi-liquid state and removed after cooling. This rips the underlying hairs from their roots, leaving a smooth and hairless skin that remains depilated for a while. Is a traditional method of hair removal.

  • Teleangiectasia

    Means irreversible dilatation of capillary vessels and postcapillary minute veins (= venules) showing through the epidermis.

  • Temporary hair removal

    These methods of epilation involve pulling out the hair. For home use, epilation methods with wax (hot wax or cold wax) or a sticky sugar paste are popular. In addition, there are electric hair removal devices from all well-known razor manufacturers that pull out the hair including the root with the help of rotating rollers. Smaller areas, for example the eyebrows, can also be plucked out with tweezers.

  • Terminal hair

    Terminal hair is the strongest form of hair and is mostly found in the head, beard and pubic hair areas.

  • Thermolysis

    Thermolysis (also called high-frequency electrocoagulation) involves a high-frequency alternating current at the tip of the probe that generates a heat that leads to coagulation (clotting) of the tissue in the hair follicle. This causes the hair roots to die and hair growth is permanently stopped.

  • Trichloroacetic acid peeling

    Another effective peeling substance is trichloroacetic acid (TCA). It is neither toxic nor is it absorbed by the body. TCA has a keratolytic effect by coagulating epidermal protein.

  • UVA

    UVA is a portion of ultraviolet radiation that directly follows the range of the light spectrum visible to humans, but remains invisible to humans. UVA light is used specifically to treat skin problems and can do good work there.

  • Vellus hair

    Vellus hair s are very fine and short hairs, also called downy or woolly hairs, which usually appear in the upper lip area.

  • Vibrissae

    Nose hairs are an unsightly but natural part of human hair. Nose hairs fulfil the tasks of cleaning the air we breathe and naturally protecting the mucous membranes of the nose. But unfortunately, the bristly little hairs eventually grow out of the nose. Then it’s time to think about permanent hair removal.

  • Vitiligo

    Disorder of pigment cells of the skin. In this case, unpigmented, i.e. white skin spots occur. A cure is not possible, but these disorders can be minimised with various therapies.

  • Wax depilation

    A classic form of hair removal is depilation with wax. For this, a hot or cold wax is applied to the regions to be depilated and after the wax has hardened, it is removed again together with the fine hairs. Wax depilation is a rather unpleasant procedure that has to be repeated regularly once the hairs have grown back.

  • Wet shaving

    Wet shaving is the most common form of individual depilative hair removal. In addition to daily wet shaving of the male beard, women in particular use wet shaving for regular depilation of the legs, armpits and intimate areas. Wet shaving has two distinct disadvantages: the need for regular repetition and the risk of severe skin irritation due to over-exertion of the skin.

  • Wolf man

    Rare cases of hypertrichosis (increased body hair) are the so-called wolf men. This is hypertrichosis, a hereditary hyperfunction of hair growth, associated with a tendency to full body hair.

  • Wrinkle injection

    Various injection procedures with the aim of achieving a smoothing of the facial skin. Possible substances used for wrinkle injections are Botox, autologous fat, hyaluronic acid, etc.

  • Wrinkle treatment

    Tightening of the connective tissue e.g. by external treatment, injections or a surgical procedure.

  • Wrinkles

    Wrinkles form when the connective tissue of the skin weakens due to sun exposure, smoking or ageing. Meanwhile, wrinkles can be treated by means of wrinkle injections or Botox injections.

  • YAG laser

    Yttrium aluminium garnet laser. A crystal as a medium emits invisible infrared light.

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10117 Berlin Mitte

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