Disease of the sebaceous follicles with secretion disorder.
can lead to the formation of nodules and pustules. Inflammations often develop. There is usually a genetic predisposition. Common in adolescents and young adults.
Acne is an overproduction of the sebaceous glands, usually hormonal. After the formation of blackheads (comedones) in the clogged sebaceous glands, inflammatory papules, pustules and nodules form in a second stage, collectively known as acne. There are many treatment options for acne, from treatments with special creams and peels to injection treatments and very effective light therapies.
Lentigines or age spots are pigment accumulations under the skin that only appear with age. These pigment disorders can be gently removed with an IPL2. However, pigmentary disorders of malignant origin should be ruled out before treatment.
Is a laser with a specific wavelength. This laser light is generated by means of an alexandrite crystal. Hence the name alexandrite laser. The alexandrite laser can be used for hair removal and tattoo removal.
are part of our metabolism and perform important functions in many places in our body. Among other things, amino acids are also involved in cell production and support the formation of new fresh cells in our skin.
In summer at the beach, you want to enjoy the comfort of hairless beauty on legs and intimate area. The critical point of independent depilation is often the bikini line because the skin in the intimate area is particularly sensitive. IPL is a great alternative to the classic mechanical hair removal procedures.
For a long time, hair bleaching has been considered an alternative to mechanical hair removal. The lighter a hair, the more inconspicuous the unwanted body hair becomes after bleaching. Nevertheless, even light, inconspicuous hair is naturally still there after bleaching. Permanent hair removal is a better alternative.
The term blend epilation hides a combined epilation by means of thermolysis and electrolysis. In the blend method, a high-frequency alternating current (thermolysis) and a direct current (electrolysis) are combined so that the sodium hydroxide produced by the electrolysis is heated more quickly and thus works even more efficiently.
Preparation with the active substance botulinum toxin. Botulinum toxin is a protein that blocks the nerve impulses when it is injected into the muscle.
can be used in many different ways. For wrinkle treatment, the effect is used to specifically immobilise muscles.
A recently founded “Botox-TÜV” advocates quality standards for wrinkle injections. Since 2006, more than 200 doctors have joined the German Society for Aesthetic Botulinum Toxin Therapy (DBGT). For the “Botox-TÜV”, members would have to complete training courses certified by the medical associations, which also included mutual self-experiments.
In the catagen phase, the cell production of the hair comes to a standstill and the hair stops growing. Only about one percent of our hair is in this phase at any one time. The catagen phase lasts only about two to three weeks prepares for the third and final phase in the hair cycle – the telogen phase.
or orange peel skin is a widespread phenomenon that occurs with age, especially in women, leading to a decrease in the elasticity of the connective tissue.
occurs mainly on the thighs and buttocks. The appearance of orange peel skin can be reduced or completely eliminated by various medical-cosmetic treatment methods.
Hair removal by chemical means is a widely used and convenient method. The best known form of this procedure are the so-called depilatory creams. Unfortunately, this variant of hair removal is not permanent.
Chemical peeling or chemical peeling is the peeling away of different layers of skin by fruit acids. Chemical peeling can be used to refresh the skin’s appearance by evening out fine wrinkles and pigment irregularities.
Is a laser device with a specific wavelength. This laser light is generated by means of a gas tube filled with the gas carbon dioxide. This is where the name
comes from. The CO₂ laser is used for skin rejuvenation or laser resurfacing, among other things.
Is one of the most important components of our body. Collagen is a protein that is found in connective tissue, bones and teeth, among other things, and has a holding function. A natural loss with age causes a slackening of the tissue. Used for wrinkle injections and is biodegradable.
Are stable fibres in the tissue of the skin consisting of collagen fibrils. They can form larger bundles (fasciculi collagenosi). Fibres are very strong in tension and in boiling water they are soluble and form glue, from which their Latin name is derived (kolla = glue).
When skin with a normal moisture pattern is also characterised by increased production of the sebaceous glands, it is called combination skin. The care of combination skin is not easy, as the characteristics of both normally moist skin and oily skin must be taken into account in the care.
Conture make-up is a long-term make-up method to draw eyebrows, eyelid lines and lip contours permanently into the skin. Conture make-up uses a special device to introduce the finest and certified micro pigments into the top layer of the skin.
is the term we use to describe an area of redness in the facial area caused by a network of tiny veins under the skin. One of the most effective methods of treating couperosis is sclerotherapy using IPL technology.
Creams are semi-solid and spreadable emulsions consisting of an aqueous (hydrophilic) and an oily or fatty (lipophilic) component applied to the skin. With special additives,
s are used to treat skin problems and regulate the appearance of the skin.
The outermost layer of the hair is called the cuticle or scale layer. It consists of flat, dead and horny cells that lie on top of each other like a pine cone. The cuticle layer consists of up to ten such cell layers. The flatter the individual cell layers lie on top of each other, the healthier and shinier the hair.
The opposite of too oily skin is too dry skin. The cause is usually a disturbed moisture balance of the skin and an undersupply of hyaluronic acid. There are many ways to make overly dry skin more supple again, ranging from treatment with creams to injection treatments with hyaluronic acid.
In contrast to epilation, where the hair is removed along with its root, depilation describes hair removal located only outside the body. Dry and wet shaves are therefore typically depilative procedures.
The dermis is the middle layer of skin and is also called the dermis. It contains the sebaceous glands and hair follicles, the sweat glands and muscle tissue. Above the dermis is the epidermis. Below it is the subcutis, the lower skin, where the nerves, blood vessels and fat cells are stored.
Forms as full body hair in the embryo and serves as protection for the newborn during pregnancy. It is shed again before birth. After birth, the lanugo hairs are replaced first by vellus hairs and later by intermediate hairs and finally by terminal hairs.
, like moisture-deficient skin, is characterised by a lack of hyaluronic acid in the connective tissue, which is additionally conspicuous by a decreasing elasticity of the connective tissue in addition to the dryness on the skin surface. There are numerous therapies for dry skin ranging from regular treatment with special moisturisers to hyaluronic acid therapy.
They are not a matter of age, although of course with age the ear hair growth becomes stronger and the hairs longer. In the outer part of the auditory canal, there are special protective hairs in every person, the so-called tragi.
are a special form of bristle hair that has a split tip. Like other hair, ear hair can of course be easily and permanently removed by treating it with IPL.
inhibits the synthesis of substances important for the regulation and differentiation of hair follicles. However, the inhibition of hair growth achieved requires lifelong, regular (daily) use of the cream containing the active substance.
Is a fibrous protein consisting of polypeptide subunits. It belongs to the structural proteins because its function is responsible for shaping and support. Collagen and elastin form a fibrous framework in the connective tissue of animals, as in tendons and ligaments.
describes the detachment or removal of hair with the aid of an electrical process. In electrolysis, the direct current used produces a sodium hydroxide solution in the hair follicle, which chemically destroys the hair root.
The epidermis is the top layer of skin. It is the actual protective cover of our body. We have a total of five epidermal layers, the uppermost of which is the so-called horny layer. Underneath the epidermis is the dermis, the leather skin, and this is where the sweat and sebaceous glands, hair roots, nerves and muscle tissue are located.
Is a laser with a specific wavelength. This laser light is generated by means of an erbium Yag crystal. This is where the name Erbium-Yag laser comes from. The erbium yag laser can be used for pigment removal as well as laser resurfacing.
In fat removal by ultrasound, the cell walls of the fat cells are burst by a focused ultrasound. The contents of the fat cells are then transported away via a type of lymphatic drainage and broken down by the body. Depending on the size and location of the fat deposits, between 4 and 8 treatments are required. The treatment for fat removal by ultrasound can take 45-60 minutes.
A distinction is made between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. While the unsaturated fatty acids, which are found in fish, oils and nuts, among other things, can be easily utilised and digested by the body, the saturated fatty acids are immediately deposited in the fatty tissue and cause the body weight to increase quickly and permanently.
The fibrous layer of the hair is also called the cortex (bark) or fibre stem. It is located under the cuticle layer. The cortex makes up about 80 % of the hair. The fibre layer consists of fibre bundles, which in turn consist of the finest keratin fibres, the so-called fibrils. The individual keratin fibres themselves consist of cortex cells that are held together with a cell membrane. The stronger and more elastic this connection is, the more tear-resistant the hair is.
(also called ephelides) are yellowish to brownish pigment deposits that occur mainly in people with a fair skin type (blond or redheaded type).
are harmless and can be made less noticeable with various procedures.
are, among other things, unstable oxygen molecules that have an unpaired electron on the outer electron orbit. Stress, UV rays, irritants such as nicotine and air pollution promote the formation of free radicals.
procure the missing electron by snatching an electron from other molecules; the attacked molecules now also become unstable – a chain reaction that ends in ageing and cancer.
Fruit Acid Peel
is a special skin renewal technique performed in cosmetic institutes or dermatologist’s offices. Mittles Fruchtsäurepeeling can be used to remove the upper dead horny cell layer so that young, intact tissue appears underneath.
They come from fruits e.g. from lemons, grapes or apples but can also be produced synthetically. The medical term is AHA (“Alpha Hydroxy Acids”). AHAs cause the horny layer of the skin to store more water, making the skin appear plumper and smoother.
is often used in electrotherapy, where the skin is stimulated by the weak stimulating current of a galvanic bath. Here the tension of the muscles and the metabolism of the tissues are stimulated.
A gel is understood to be the combination of a liquid component with a subtle solid component.
is not only used in body care, but especially in many places in the medical-cosmetic field to prepare the skin for a treatment or to support the healing process after a treatment.
A haemangioma is a mostly benign tumour that takes its origin from the inner cells (endothelium) of the blood vessels.
s of the skin, on the other hand, are clearly visible as a bluish to reddish discolouration. These skin manifestations are usually harmless in nature.
Our hair consists mainly of keratin and is found only in mammals throughout the animal kingdom.
is made up of different parts and grows back again and again in a regular cycle. With a few exceptions, both men and women have hair all over their bodies.
Hair growth goes through a regular cycle that is divided into three phases. In the anagen phase, the hair grows; it lasts about two to three years and affects about 80-90% of all hair on our body. In the catagen phase, cell production comes to a halt and the hair detaches from the papilla; this phase lasts about three weeks and affects only about 1% of our hair. Finally, the telogen phase lasts between two and four months; during this phase, the hair papilla and follicle renew themselves in about 10-20% of hairs.
The hair shaft lies in an elongated invagination of the epidermis, the hair follicle or hair follicle, at the lower end of which the hair is formed in the hair root. A sebaceous gland, and sometimes a scent gland, opens into the follicle.
(epilation) refers to procedures for the removal of body hair, whereby the hair is removed together with the hair root. In contrast to hair removal by epilation, depilation refers to the removal of only the visible part of the hair, usually by shaving or chemical means. Two methods exist for permanent epilation: laser hair removal and IPL hair removal.
Depending on diameter and pigmentation, lanugo (downy), vellus (woolly) and terminal hairs are distinguished. Lanugo hairs are fine, unpigmented (light) hairs. Vellus hairs are fine, non-marrowed but pigmented hairs. Terminal hairs are thick, medullary and more pigmented hairs.
Material used for wrinkle injections. Trade names: Restylane, Juvederm, Hylaform. Hylaform contains hen’s egg protein and can cause allergic reactions.
Looking up hyaluronic acid in a dictionary, it is called glycosaminoglycan or also long-chain linear polysaccharide. Apart from the technical terminology, it can be stated that the substance occurs in the body of vertebrates and humans and is primarily characterised by its ability to store water. One gram of hyaluronic acid can bind up to six litres of water to itself, which is why it is the connective tissue where this particular substance is found.
Increased body hair
, also called hypertrichosis, is a mostly genetic or also caused by hormonal or medicinal factors, hyperfunction of hair growth. It is not uncommon for the excessive hair growth to be limited to local regions of the body hair. Even mild hypertrichosis can be treated with IPL.
usually occur due to clogged pores.
usually lead to pus-filled pimples. However, ingrown hairs can also lead to a boil, which then has to be opened and treated by a doctor. In such places, one should follow certain tips on caring for ingrown hairs.
also known as fat way injection, is a treatment method with which excess fat deposits can be melted away by injections and returned to the metabolism. In Brazil, this method has been used for a good 10 years to treat fat-related bags under the eyes on the lower eyelid with great success. In Europe, too, doctors who have been instructed in the method of injection lipolysis by experts have had very successful treatment results on thousands of patients. The therapy represents a minimally invasive method for aesthetic contouring of facial and body shapes.
These hairs occupy an intermediate position in terms of size and thickness between the delicate, prepubescent vellus hairs and strong terminal hairs. At puberty, up to 90% of all intermediate hairs in males are replaced by the darker and stronger terminal hairs; in females, however, this is only about 30% of the hairs.
As women age, oestrogen production decreases while testosterone production increases. This natural hormonal change leads to more hair growth, which often manifests itself in a so-called lady’s beard. There is something you can do about a lady’s beard. IPL technology offers a good treatment method.
Large-pored skin is characterised by an enlarged and thus increased visible distance between the skin pores. With increasing age, the moisture content in the skin cells decreases, the connective tissue loses elasticity and the distance between the pores increases as a result. The skin looks older and loses its glow.
Mostly used in surgery and cosmetic treatments, it allows the removal of skin lesions, smoothing wrinkles, and breaking up kidney or gallbladder stones by converting radiant energy into thermal energy. The wavelength of the laser beam influences the effect and the area of application. The word laser is a term of art made up of the first letters of the words Light Amplification by stimulated Emission of Radiation.
Laser epilation is one of several laser procedures for permanent hair removal. Here, the hair is shot with a laser, the light energy is converted into heat and conducted through the hair follicle to the root. The heat destroys the hair root and the hair falls out. More risky for the patient than alternative procedures such as IPL treatment due to the high energy used.
means dissolving fat. Fat is to be dissolved biochemically. In contrast, in classical liposuction the fat is loosened from its anchorage and removed mechanically or physically (by hand, with ultrasound, laser or similar). For biochemical lipolysis, a drug called Lipostabil is generally used. Lipostabil is extracted from soybeans and contains so-called phospholipids (more precisely: 93% 3-sn-phosphatidyl-choline). Lipostabil is approved as a drug in Germany in tablet form for lowering blood lipids and, when administered intravenously, for the prevention and treatment of fat embolisms.
It has been available worldwide for years for the treatment of various diseases. The preparation is not officially approved in Germany for aesthetic treatment; similar to Botox in the past, the application against fat pads is carried out in the so-called “off-label use” (this means: a completely legal application with the consent of the patient who has been informed in detail). The manufacturer has not applied for approval for the aesthetic use as a fat-blasting injection and is not promoting any scientific studies with this question. As an aside: in the USA, an application has already been submitted to the FDA by doctors to have lipolysis approved as an official procedure.
Are the pigment cells of the skin and are located there in the basal cell layer of the epidermis and the hair follicles. They synthesise melanin and release it in the form of so-called melanosomes to the surrounding keratinocytes. Melanin is an important protection of the skin against UV radiation. Melanin-producing cells form a so-called melanocyte unit with the surrounding keratinocytes.
Relatively gentle method for treating fine lines. Tiny sterile crystals of aluminium oxide are shot onto the skin with compressed air and immediately sucked out again.
is used to remove the cellular layers of the skin.
are wrinkles in our face that only appear when our face is moving. These wrinkles are, for example, laugh lines, frown lines or the so-called crow’s feet. Wrinkle injections can be used to treat these wrinkles.
is an older form of treatment for permanent hair removal. It involves carefully inserting a fine needle into the hair follicle, then using a gentle current to generate heat that scleroses the hair root in the follicle, causing the hair to fall out. Compared to modern technologies like IPL, needle epilation is a laborious and uncomfortable procedure from days gone by.
is characterised by increased production of the sebaceous glands, an excessive amount of fat and an imbalance in the general appearance of the skin.
mainly occurs in the area of the forehead and nose, where it also causes the most problems. Regular care especially protects oily skin from blackheads and pimples.
Unlike a cream or gel, an ointment is a semi-solid emulsion for application to the skin or mucous membranes. The function of an ointment is to apply an active substance, e.g. to accelerate wound healing (wound ointment) or to protect and care for the skin and mucous membranes.
s consist of either a hydrophobic or hydrophilic base of natural or synthetic substances.
Wrinkles that are always visible and cannot be affected by facial expressions. The nasolabial fold runs from the wings of the nose towards the corner of the mouth and is, for example, an orthostatic fold. These wrinkles can be treated with wrinkle injections.
involves removing the top layer of skin using various substances. This can be done, for example, with fruit acids or herbal peeling masks or other chemical substances. The aim is to achieve visibly younger-looking skin.
Phenol is the best active ingredient for the treatment of pigmentation spots. However, due to the cardiac arrhythmia problem of phenol (that is, the arrhythmia of the heart caused by this substance), it should only be used on small areas.
3-sn-phosphatidyl choline is the active ingredient of Lipostabil. It is a lecithin with two unsaturated fatty acid chains. This relatively old German drug is made from soy. The typical composition of soy phosphatidylcholine looks something like this: 13% palmitic acid 4% stearic acid 10% oleic acid 66% linoleic acid 6% linolenic acid. Phosphatidylcholine is widely distributed in nature. It is found in plant and animal cell membranes. Commercially, it is used in medicines and cosmetics. Phosphatidylcholine can namely have a healing effect on fat embolisms, lipometabolic disorders and liver diseases and has positive effects on the skin besides.
While normal pimples usually arise due to clogged sebaceous glands, which can become inflamed and painful after a while, pimples under the skin surface are rather rare. They are usually caused by encapsulation of the inflamed area and require treatment by a skin specialist.
is any form of surgery performed on the organs and formations of the body surface for functional or aesthetic/cosmetic reasons. A distinction is made between the main directions: Aesthetic surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Burn surgery, Hand surgery.
Plucking and plucking are mechanical methods of hair removal that have been practiced for thousands of years. Today, there are good and permanent alternatives to these mechanical methods, which need to be repeated regularly.
s are congenital, blood-red sharply defined areas of the skin whose conspicuous colouring is caused by a multitude of thin veins in the skin. Therapy: light technology (argon or dye laser – gentler IPL).
is an inflammation of the facial skin that is chronic, episodic and relatively common. It mainly affects people in middle adulthood, women more often than men. Depending on the severity, copper fin first appears as persistent redness with the formation of veins (couperosis). Later, nodules and pustules may appear. Especially in men, a bulbous nose (rhinophyma) forms in the course of the disease. Usually rosacea begins in the fourth or fifth decade of life, but more rarely it occurs before the age of 30.
develop in close association with hair. They produce the vital, protective oily fat layer of the skin distributed over the entire body. From 300,000 sebaceous glands we produce about 2-3 g of sebum every day, half of it on the head. Only the palms of our hands and soles of our feet lack them. In addition, the skin is lubricated daily by about 20 mg of horny fat from dead skin cells.
can grow strongly under the influence of male hormones (also in women). One of the factors in the development of acne is the uninhibited production of fat by the sebaceous glands.
The collective term skin blemishes covers all disease patterns of the skin that primarily affect the visual appearance. The many causes of skin blemishes such as blackheads, pimples and acne lie not only in inadequate hygiene but also in temporary metabolic disorders or in disturbances of the skin balance caused by diet or medication.
is the most common cause of skin problems. The reason for skin irritations are mostly allergic reactions, which can be caused by various factors: from environmental influences to intolerance of food or medication to strong UV radiation, ingredients of cosmetics to psychological causes such as stress, grief or fear.
, also called skin rejuvenation, skin smoothing, skin refreshing, skin smoothing or skin image improvement. In skin rejuvenation, the collagen fibres in the depth of the skin are stimulated to form again by converting special light into heat. With increasing age, the collagen production of the skin decreases. Wrinkles, tired looking eyes due to dark circles and grey shimmer of the skin are the visible consequences.
improves the blood supply to the skin and provides it with oxygen.
A solid-state laser is an optically excited laser whose amplifying medium consists of a crystalline or glass-like solid in which laser-active ions are enclosed.
s commonly used for medical applications include erbium and ytterbium lasers. Such lasers are also used for targeted skin and hair treatments.
Are tiny veins under the skin that have dilated and filled with blood.
often appear on the face or in connection with varicose veins on the legs. This cosmetically disturbing situation can easily be improved by treatment with light systems (laser, more gentle and effective IPL) or sclerotherapy.
Is a traditional method of hair removal in which a sugar paste is applied to the skin in a warm and semi-liquid state and removed after cooling. This rips the underlying hairs from their roots, leaving a smooth and hairless skin that remains depilated for a while. Is a traditional method of hair removal.
These methods of epilation involve pulling out the hair. For home use, epilation methods with wax (hot wax or cold wax) or a sticky sugar paste are popular. In addition, there are electric hair removal devices from all well-known razor manufacturers that pull out the hair including the root with the help of rotating rollers. Smaller areas, for example the eyebrows, can also be plucked out with tweezers.
(also called high-frequency electrocoagulation) involves a high-frequency alternating current at the tip of the probe that generates a heat that leads to coagulation (clotting) of the tissue in the hair follicle. This causes the hair roots to die and hair growth is permanently stopped.
is a portion of ultraviolet radiation that directly follows the range of the light spectrum visible to humans, but remains invisible to humans.
light is used specifically to treat skin problems and can do good work there.
Nose hairs are an unsightly but natural part of human hair. Nose hairs fulfil the tasks of cleaning the air we breathe and naturally protecting the mucous membranes of the nose. But unfortunately, the bristly little hairs eventually grow out of the nose. Then it’s time to think about permanent hair removal.
A classic form of hair removal is depilation with wax. For this, a hot or cold wax is applied to the regions to be depilated and after the wax has hardened, it is removed again together with the fine hairs.
is a rather unpleasant procedure that has to be repeated regularly once the hairs have grown back.
is the most common form of individual depilative hair removal. In addition to daily wet shaving of the male beard, women in particular use wet shaving for regular depilation of the legs, armpits and intimate areas.
has two distinct disadvantages: the need for regular repetition and the risk of severe skin irritation due to over-exertion of the skin.